Modules

Module 1: Forensic Analytical Chemistry. Evidence sampling. Advanced sample handling. Presumptive and on-site tests: chemical and immunochemical methods. Spectrometry in forensic chemistry.

 Module 2: Advanced Instrumental analysis Instrumental separation techniques: CE, LC, GC. Hyphenated techniques: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS), liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS).

 Module 3: Quality Assurance in the Forensic Laboratory Introduction to a quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) programme. Components of a QA/QC programme. Staff and equipment management. Validation activities. Internal Quality Control (QC). Quality assessment: inter comparison tests, proficiency testing, audits, accreditation.

 Module 4: Environmental Forensics. Introduction. The measurement process in environmental forensics. Determination of metal and organic species. Chemical fingerprinting. Contaminant dating. Identification of contaminant sources.

 Module 5: Toxicological Analysis. Toxicological Analysis: Overview. Types of toxicants. Applications of analytical toxicology to different fields: clinical, forensic, drug abuse, among others.

 Module 6: Forensic Pathology. Forensic vs Clinical Autopsy. Autopsy report. Sudden death investigations. The pathology of wounds. Deaths in custody. Forensic autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine (Córdoba), review of anatomic structures by the use of embalmed corpses at the Faculty of Medicine, dissection techniques.

 Module 7: Forensic Botany (I). Forensic Palinology, Mesopalinology, Carpology, Anthracology, Plant Impressions.

 Module 8: Xenobiochemistry. Biochemistry Overview: proteins structure and function. Enzymology. Conjugation pathways Importance of the conjugation pathways for living organisms. Induction of drug metabolism. Inhibition of drug metabolism.

 Module 9: Principles of Pharmacology. Introduction. Terminology Factors Affecting Drug Response. Drugs in Pregnancy, in Infants and Children and in the Elderly. Main Drug classes. Pharmacology in forensic context: illicit or accidental drugs use and possible forensic implications.

 Module 10: Drugs of Abuse. Classification and description. Legislation of controlled Drugs of Abuse in Europe. Pharmacokinetics. Pharmaco-dynamics. Physiological and behavioural effects. Specific applications of Analytical Techniques for the Determination of Drugs of Abuse.

 Module 11: Phylogenetic analysis in forensic science. Basic concepts in molecular phylogeny. Molecular evolution and epidemiology of selected pathogenic microorganisms (HIV, HBV and HCV). Phylogenetic investigation of transmission histories of pathogenic microorganisms. Experimental design to obtain evidence for forensic purposes. Quality control. Presentation of phylogenetic evidence in court. Practical Cases.

 Module 12: Forensic Botany (II). Introduction. Dendrochronology. Poisonous Plants. Case studies

Module 13: Food Toxicology. General principles of toxicology. Metabolism of toxicants. Introduction to food toxicology.Food contamination and safety. Residues in foods: Industrial and Environmental Contaminants (Pesticides, Halogenated Hydrocarbons, Heavy metals), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and other Processing Products, Food Additives, Colors and Flavors, Contamination in Food from Packaging Materials

 Module 14. Advanced Forensic Biology. DNA Profiling and DNA Evidence. Forensic Applications of Non-human DNA typing. Authentication of Foodstuffs. Blood Pattern Analysis. Wound Ballistics. Bioterrorism

 Module 15. Advanced Forensic Toxicology. Pharmacokinetics and pharmaco-dynamics. Applications of analytical techniques to toxicology. Research and Development in Forensic Toxicology. Presenting evidence.

 Module 16. Fire and Explosion. Physics and chemistry of fire. Fire investigation. Fire Simulations. Analysis of Fire Debris. Physics and chemistry of explosives and explosions. Explosion Investigation. Analysis of explosives and GSRs. Research and Development.

Module 17. Forensic entomology. Stages of soft tissue decomposition beyond 72 hours. Insect succession in relation to body decomposition. Insect life cycles and ecology. Entomo-toxicology. Determination of time since death (PMI). Post-mortem interval calculations. Fire-setting and forensic entomology.

 Module 18. Forensic Anthropology. Introduction to archaeology. Introduction to forensic anthropology. Introduction to human osteology. The appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton. Odontology. Laboratory analysis (age, sex, stature, race and trauma). Recovery methods (buried and surface remains). Individualisation / identification by DNA analysis.

 Module 19. Statistics in Forensic Science. Basic concepts in statistics. Probability. Univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis. Regression and calibration. Experimental design. Practical Cases

 Module 20. Sensors in Forensic Science. Fundamentals on detectors. Main types of transducers. Spectroscopic sensors. Electrochemical sensors. Biosensors. Long range sensing. Analytical properties.

 Module 21. Project Preparation. Literature searching. Critical analysis of published research. Identification of research questions, aims and objectives. Research methods. Planning and managing research. Assessment of ethical issues and health and safety risks of research. Statistical methods for data evaluation. Communicating Science. Thesis writing and data presentation

 Module 22. Method Development and Validation. Principles of analytical method development, validation. Experimental design for method development. Validation parameters. Statistical methods for method validation. Quality assessment and International Norms. Accreditation and Accrediting bodies.

 Module 23. Final Master project (30 ECTS). To be developed in each country attending to their specific research lines with application in the forensic field.